All children learn and develop at different rates. You know your child best. If you see that your child is experiencing a language or reading problem, it's important that you talk to your child's doctor or teacher about your concerns and get help if needed.
Age 1 to 18 Months
- At 12 months, your child doesn't use gestures such as waving or shaking her head and isn't practicing using at least a couple of consonants (p, b, etc.).
- At 15 months, your child doesn't understand and respond to words such as “no” and “bye-bye” and can't say at least one to three words.
- At 16 months, your child doesn't point to body parts when asked.
- At 18 months, your child isn't saying at least 15 words.
Age 18 Months to Age 2
- By 19 to 20 months, your child isn't pointing out things of interest, such as a bird or airplane overhead and isn't making at least six consonant sounds.
- By 21 months, your child doesn't respond to simple directions.
- By 24 months, your child doesn't imitate actions or words of others, can't point to named pictures in a book, and doesn't know the function of common household objects - toothbrush, telephone, fork, etc.
Age 2 to Age 3
- At 26 months, your child uses no two-word simple sentences.
- At 30 months, your child can't name at least three body parts and can't be understood by anyone in her family.
- By 32 months, your child has difficulty singing fragments of nursery rhymes.
Age 3 to Age 5
- At age 3, your child doesn't ask questions and can't be understood by strangers at least half the time.
- At age 3, your child can't speak in short phrases, is unable to understand short instructions, has no interest in interacting with other children, and has extreme difficulty separating from a parent.
- At age 4, your child still stutters (has true difficulty producing a sound or word) frequently, often accompanied by facial grimacing.
- At age 5, your child doesn't show that he understands that spoken words can be broken down into smaller words, for example the word big in bigger.
- At age 5, your child doesn't understand that you can change a small part of a word to make different words. For example, by changing the first sound and letter of cat, you can make hat, sat, bat, rat, etc.